role of it in disaster risk reduction


Contributing Paper to GAR 2019. View document. Modern society is facing an unprecedented revolution. This paper is a contribution to the 2019 edition of the Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction (GAR 2019). Nepal is regarded as one of the countries most vulnerable to disasters and over the years, it has been the victim of various disasters ranging from small to massive natural disasters. Despite the fact that people are not aware of Disaster Risk Reduction, the findings have established that Indigenous Knowledge plays a major role in Disaster Risk Reduction. This paper is a contribution to the 2019 edition of the Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction (GAR 2019). As highlighted by the International Council of Science and the Committee on Data for Science and Technology (CODATA-ICSU,​2018)​, digital technology offers profound opportunities for science to discover unsuspected patterns and relationships in nature and society, on scales from the molecular to the cosmic, from local health systems to global sustainability. Hazard and risk information may be used to inform a broad range of activities to reduce risk, from improving building codes and designing risk reduction measures (such as flood and storm surge protection), to carrying out macro-level assessments of the risks to different types of buildings (for prioritizing investment in reconstruction and retrofitting, for example). Disasters have a devasting effect on individuals, populations and economies, and they significantly impede progress towards sustainable development. The Sendai Framework’s implementation is guided by several principles, and Paragraph 19 directly refers to knowledge: “Disaster risk reduction requires a multi-hazard approach and inclusive risk-informed decision-making based on the open exchange and dissemination of disaggregated data, including by sex, age and disability, as well as on the easily accessible, up-to-date, comprehensible, … The humanitarian and Disaster Risk Reduction field is, however, beginning to open up to considerations of religion for example, academics are starting to contemplate the role of Christian churches in African development, and liberation theology is attracting some attention. In the urban context, for instance, price fluctuations can lead to food crises in cities like Nairobi. Although the problem has been addressed by several initiatives, the following challenge still remains: to make online data integration a routine. It is one of the few approaches that can impact all elements of the disaster risk equation – mitigating hazards, reducing exposure, reducing vulnerabilities and … Two boats travel across the Haor flood plains of North East Bangladesh. The examples provided in this study can be used to demonstrate the benefits of Indigenous Knowledge in Disaster Risk Reduction to communities. Reasons for this are multiple: ecosystem … Disaster risk management actions can be categorized into; prospective disaster risk management, corrective disaster risk management and … The Role of Ecosystems in Disaster Risk Reduction brings together the world’s experts on how the natural environment has evolved tools to buffer against natural hazards in real, sustainable and cost effective ways. It is one of the few approaches that can impact all elements of the disaster risk equation - mitigating hazards, reducing exposure, reducing vulnerabilitiesand increasing the resilience of exposed communities. The hazards can be natural or human derived, and include earthquakes, floods, cyclones, droughts, price spikes, conflict and contagious diseases. Having in mind that the number of natural disasters is constantly growing, and it produces more serious consequences for the humans and their material goods, it is essential all the preventive measures to be taken in order to reduce the risk of When there is a lack of data interoperability, it becomes a “critical issue” and is no longer an “unexploited potential”. Donate today and help some of the world's poorest people. Though the Government bears the primary responsibility of . When you think about humanitarian action, extreme images probably spring to mind: food distributions in famine-stricken areas, or camps of temporary shelters built in the wake of some catastrophic natural disaster, for example. Success in significantly reducing disasters is within our reach. These jackstones will eventually turn into an artificial reef which will aid in fish production and help the livelihood of the many local fishermen. important role in disseminating vital information to the public before, during and after disasters. Hence, building the capacity of OH professionals in disaster risk reduction approaches and principles so they can undertake a more effective role in disaster and emergency situations is important. Natural Disasters … Without science and technology, and their blending with other disciplines, there can be no world safer from natural disasters. To cite this paper: Migliorini, M. et al. DRR always starts with a risk analysis – and the projects that Concern runs under the disaster risk reduction banner are always context specific, and address particular hazards in particular places. However, a barrier to the realization and exploitation of this potential arises from incompatible data standards and the nomenclatures used in different disciplines. The role of data interoperability in disaster risk reduction: barriers, challenges and regional initiatives. As DRR efforts involve many stakeholders and require time and reliable information, there is a direct link between risk reduction and data interoperability. We also analyse vulnerability: who is most impacted by hazards and what the reasons are for the differing impacts on different people. and in particular the management and reduction of risk continue to pose a challenge. DRR doesn’t focus on just natural disasters. (2009). risk assessment and management. Different communities deal with risk in different ways, and are exposed to different hazards in different ways. These may serve as primary reference in the formation and identification of the various roles and functions of the city, division and school-level Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Committees. UNDRR organizes the Global, Regional and National Platforms on Disaster Risk Reduction and facilitates training workshops around the world. This is a very interesting book that every student, scholar, policymaker, and economist should have in their library as a basis to better … Concern Worldwide, a company limited by guarantee, Registered Company Number: 39647, Registered Revenue Number: CHY 5745, Local people have noticed that they’ll appear higher up the sides of buildings in some years than others – which corresponds to years with higher floods. SRINAGAR: Webinar on “Media for Disaster Risk Reduction” was jointly organised by National Institute of Disaster Management and Institution of Engineers (India) J&K State Centre, Srinagar, today, in collaboration with J&K Information and Public Relations Department, Kashmir Editors Guild, Kashmir Press Club and J&K State Emergency Operation Centre, Srinagar. The hazards can be natural or human derived, and include earthquakes, floods, cyclones, droughts, price spikes, conflict and contagious diseases. The media assists in the management of disasters by educating the public about disasters; warning of hazards; gathering and transmitting information about affected areas; alerting In the Haor region of Bangladesh seasonal floods can destroy harvests if they happen earlier than expected, when the crops are still in the ground. This page shows the results of research carried out by Concern showing the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on the poorest people in our programme countries. Disaster risk reduction: Why do we need accurate disaster mortality data to strengthen policy and practice? In Zambia, farmers have noticed that the times that certain trees flower, or when certain birds migrate, also gives them advanced warning of season change and whether the year will be a ‘good’ or a ‘bad’ one. 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