Some dismiss these questions, thinking them idle. Yet the conjecture can be experimentally refuted. The old metaphysical question – why anything exists at all – has perplexed and intrigued humankind for ages. View image of (Credit: NASA, ESA, M. Postman (STScI), CLASH Team, Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA)), View image of The Stephan's Quintet group of galaxies (Credit: NASA, ESA, and the Hubble SM4 ERO Team), View image of Maybe it all began with bubbles (Credit: amira_a, CC by 2.0), View image of The cosmic microwave background (Credit: NASA / WMAP Science Team), View image of It may not look flat... (Credit: NASA, ESA, and The Hubble Heritage Team (AURA/STScI)), View image of Matter on one side, gravity on the other (Credit: Da Sal, CC by 2.0), View image of (Credit: NASA, ESA, J. Hester, A. Loll (ASU)). Nothing doesn’t result in something. Why Does the World Exist? ", or, "Why is there something rather than nothing?" But it has the odd awkward lapse. So how comes there’s something, not nothing? That's because every object in the universe creates gravity, pulling other objects toward it. One thing they have found is that, when quantum theory is applied to space at the smallest possible scale, space itself becomes unstable. If all the galaxies are flying apart, they must once have been close together. Most physicists now think that the universe began with the Big Bang. Those universes might be profoundly different to ours. The universe is flat and why that's important. These are some big questions that have been debated over and over for centuries. One of the most remarkable things is that the scale of the universe compared to our size is equal to the scale of the universe of us to the micro world. Why is there something instead of nothing? That's because only a flat universe is likely to have come from nothing. If one space-time bubble popped into existence and inflated to form our universe, what kept other bubbles from doing the same? Science with Sam explains. Read about our approach to external linking. The reason that anything exists and there is something rather than nothing, is because God made it. Log in or sign up to leave a comment Log In Sign Up. 0 comments. It says that in the big bang, matter and antimatter should have been created in equal measure. "In quantum physics, if something is not forbidden, it necessarily happens with some non-zero probability," says Alexander Vilenkin of Tufts University in Boston, Massachusetts. Surely, even if a bubble formed, it would be doomed to disappear again in the blink of an eye? In that case, there should be …. In an incredibly brief moment, it went from being smaller than the nucleus of an atom to the size of a grain of sand. If you draw a triangle on the surface of a balloon, its three angles will add up to more than 180 degrees. There could just be nothing, but instead there is something, and none of us truly know why. in certainty, scientists have faith dark count number makes up a lot extra of the universe than seen count number does, which in part explains why gravity exists in places the place there ought to be none. Those patches were measured in 2003, and that gave astronomers a selection of triangles. The idea is that, a fraction of a second after the Big Bang, the quantum-sized bubble of space expanded stupendously fast. Einstein's theory of general relativity tells us that the space-time we live in could take three different forms. “It is a somewhat embarrassing fact that it fails to explain our existence,” says Werner Rodejohann at the Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics in Germany. Why does anything exist at all? Why does anything exist? Without God creating, nothing would exist. Many would agree that things that exist must have an explanation; a reason why they are. Then the resulting tiny bubble of space-time could have burgeoned into a massive, busy universe, thanks to inflation. The health benefits of sunlight: Can vitamin D help beat covid-19? Abstract. As weird as it seems, inflation fits the facts rather well. This is the branch of physics that deals with very small things: atoms and even tinier particles. But science has had little to say about this ultimate question. Answer: When someone asks why is there Something rather than Nothing, they are asking for the cause of Existence in the widest possible sense—for the cause of everything. Actually, it is possible for the bubble to survive. That information, they say, should give us a clue about how and why the cosmos exists. Why does anything at all exist?, Leibniz thought this to be the most basic question one can ask. Why Does Anything Exist? Sign up to read our regular email newsletters. In other words, little bubbles of space and time can form spontaneously. By David Pearce. As weird as it seems, inflation fits the facts. "If space and time are quantized, they can fluctuate," says Lawrence Krauss at Arizona State University in Tempe. They point out that we now have an understanding of the history of the universe, and of the physical laws that describe how it works. Why does the Earth and the universe exist? These so-called virtual particles don't last long enough to be observed directly, but we know they exist by their effects. Even the most perfect vacuum is actually filled by a roiling cloud of particles and antiparticles, which flare into existence and almost instantaneously fade back into nothingness. It's a bit like an old-fashioned measuring scale. And yet here we are. If all of nature, space, and time have a cause, that cause cannot be natural, spacial, or temporal, for the same reason that a man cannot be his own father. THERE is plenty to recommend the standard model, our best description of particles and their interactions. share. Why does anything at all exist? If the universe had been curved, the two sums would not cancel out. The first edited volume to cover an extremely wide variety of solutions to what must be the ultimate mystery, it features dozens of luminaries. Mystery: Why does anything exist at all? : An Existential Detective Story by Jim Holt "Why Does the World Exist?" Since the existence of anything requires a cause, this is the proper way to ask the question: Why does anything exist? It determined the average size of the warmer and cooler patches in the cosmic microwave background. Where did the universe get all this energy? So there could be a mind-boggling smorgasbord of universes. For instance, this approach was used by Stephen Hawking at the University of Cambridge to describe black holes. Their admittedly controversial answer is that the entire universe, from the fireball of … Our universe may be just one grain of sand on an endless beach. So which is it? has been raised or commented on by philosophers including Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Ludwig Wittgenstein, and Martin Heidegger – who called it the fundamental question of metaphysics. Consider the universe—by which I mean everything that has existed, does exist, and will exist. hide. Although God had no need for anything or anyone else, it should be understood that God freely decided to create the universe and, especially, angelic and human-beings mainly for the purpose of enlarging His “Circle of Love”. Pretty much every ancient culture came up with its own creation story - most of them leaving the matter in the hands of the gods - and philosophers have written reams on the subject. It is puzzling how there could be *something* rather than simply nothing (ever). It turns out this is also crucial for understanding how the cosmos came from nothing. If this universe is the only thing there is, that’s kind of weird and illogical—why would this big space just exist by itself in … I have been fascinated with living things since childhood. Further, the sheer existence of something means that everything (literally everything) that is possible must exist somewhere in the matrix of time, space and dimension. Why is there something instead of nothing? But the physicists argue that it follows naturally from science's two most powerful and successful theories: quantum mechanics and general relativity. As yet we don't have hard evidence that other universes exist. One possibility is that the antimatter is just hiding: some of it, somehow, escaped the death match, taking refuge in little safe spots that eventually became distant regions as the cosmos cooled and expanded. "So you can create virtual space-times just as you can create virtual particles.". At first all the matter and energy in the universe was crammed together in one unimaginably small dot, and this exploded. Thus, the fact that anything should exist at all demands an explanation. Philosopher and writer Jim Holt follows this question toward three … NASA; ESA; G. Illingworth, D. Magee, and P. Oesch, University of California, Santa Cruz; R. Bouwens, Leiden University; and the HUDF09 Team. Linde says eternal inflation is not just the ultimate free lunch: it is the only one at which all possible dishes are available. is an intellectual quest of one the most intriguing philosophical questions, "Why Does the World Exist". This seemingly outlandish notion was put forward in the 1980s by Alan Guth at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and refined by Andrei Linde, now at Stanford University. A solution to the question "Why is there something rather than nothing?" It could be argued that the gap between absolute nothingness and something is too large to bridge. The universe next door might have five dimensions of space rather than the three – length, breadth and height – that ours does. Matter might be built out of utterly different particles. Actually, it’s worse than that: the standard model positively insists we don’t exist. There is a way to tell. But it takes a huge amount of energy to make all those stars and planets. And where the hell are we? “It would look very different, not least because planets and stars and life could not evolve in such an environment,” says Tara Shears at the University of Liverpool, UK. Alternatively, if you draw a triangle on a surface that curves outward like a saddle, its angles will add up to less than 180 degrees. Our best theories predict that all the matter in the universe should have been destroyed as soon as it existed. It turns out that a flat universe is crucial. At this point, making a universe looks almost easy. Inflation theory proposes that in the immediate aftermath of the Big Bang, the universe expanded much faster than it did later. 100% Upvoted. Bizarrely, this doesn’t seem to be the case. Growing up in northern California, I spent a lot of … From tiny things like atoms, to really big things like galaxies. But for that we need another trick: cosmic inflation. When a new universe stops inflating, says Linde, it is still surrounded by space that is continuing to inflate. There is the complexity of evolution and all kinds of things to talk about in this macro world if we wanted but it doesn’t explain anything why this macro world came to exist. Guth calls inflation "the ultimate free lunch". It’s just a big infinite … Everything that exists, from stars and galaxies to the light we see them by, must have sprung from somewhere. If all the galaxies are flying apart, they must once have been close together. It could be as flat as a table top. The Mystery of Existence asks the haunting question: Why does anything exist? Discover how "self-existence" can solve this puzzle. When the expansion finally slowed, the force field that had powered it was transformed into the matter and energy that fill the universe today. In particular, it neatly explains why the cosmic microwave background, the faint remnant of radiation left over from the Big Bang, is almost perfectly uniform across the sky. I don’t think knowing why we exist is the question we need to ask. (2) Why is the Universe as it is? Why does the concept of existence, exist? If the number 1 exists, then any other possible number MUST exist. Or am I just high? Here, then, is how everything could have come from nothing. But either way, these ideas give a whole new meaning to the phrase "Thanks for nothing". report. The energy of matter is exactly balanced by the energy of the gravity the mass creates. the respond is not any. Just like to know for balance of reality. Why does anything exist? HY DOES THE UNIVERSE EXIST? People have wrestled with the mystery of why the universe exists for thousands of years. dark count number, although, continues to be purely theory. I know how much he stated about reasons why we should not exist such as Nirvana being the highest goal to escape from the karma bond!! Quantum mechanics tells us that "nothing" is inherently unstable, so the initial leap from nothing to something may have been inevitable. Many spiritual […] Read more. Somehow, matter won. Why Life Does Not Really Exist. His argument summarizes and ends up concluding that God is the reason. This idea may sound bizarre, or just another fanciful creation story. It had to happen, they say, because "nothing" is inherently unstable. As Krauss puts it, "The laws of physics as we understand them make it eminently plausible that our universe arose from nothing - no space, no time, no particles, nothing that we now know of.". Everything that we observe and understand follows from that. should have been created in equal measure. That inflating space can spawn more universes, with yet more inflating space around them. This balances the energy needed to create the matter in the first place. I know people are talking about the big bang and how it made space and all, but how and why did the big bang exist like big bang made everything we know, but who made the big bang. Quantum mechanics tells us that there is no such thing as empty space. Rather than remaining perfectly smooth and continuous, space and time destabilize, churning and frothing into a foam of space-time bubbles. In other words: Why does the universe exist (and why are we in it)? Everything that exists. The search for the origin of life: From panspermia to primordial soup. The question "Why is there anything at all? In quantum physics, if something is not forbidden, it necessarily happens. (See Four causes) Anything of any kind, anywhere. Why does all this something exist? So why did it only happen once? THERE ARE here two questions: (1) Why does the Universe exist at all? In other words: Why does the universe exist (and why are we in it)? You might remember from maths class that the three angles of a triangle add up to exactly 180 degrees. But it has the odd awkward lapse. THERE is plenty to recommend the standard model, our best description of particles and their interactions. In brief, I propose that a thing exists if it is a grouping . First we have to take a look at the realm of quantum mechanics. And, especially, why do we exist? The conjecture that the superposition principle of QM explains literally everything - from why anything exists at all to the properties of our phenomenally-bound minds - can't directly be verified. Still, it seems like a big leap from an infinitesimal space-time bubble to a massive universe that hosts 100 billion galaxies. Mathematically speaking, the number 1 (existence) can be divided into smaller, and smaller, and smaller numbers but … save. area isn't a void. which could at least That is, why is there anything rather than nothing? Intuitively, there shouldn’t be anything to explain. It’s just a big infinite maze of possibility, and it never started and it never ends. This can sound like a fine question. Some things are better reasoned through from first principles, and I think the universe is definitely one of those things. Our best theory for describing such large-scale structures is general relativity, Albert Einstein's crowning achievement, which sets out how space, time and gravity work. Gravity might be ten times stronger or a thousand times weaker, or not exist at all. So to find out if the universe is flat, we need to measure the angles of a really big triangle. It uses sensible words and grammar and has the form of a question and so on. I'm stuck on this for now ...does the Buddha say anything about why we exist ( mankind ? Possibly the most important ‘why’ question of all, and as such it should receive more attention. Subatomic particles form the first atoms… What I Learned From … Philosopher and author Jim Holt plays the role of the inquisitive detective who is on a mission to answer the ultimate question of existence. Linde offers a simple but mind-bending answer. It is an immensely successful theory, and it underpins most modern electronic gadgets. Inflation also gave cosmologists the measuring tool they needed to determine the underlying geometry of the universe. The basic reason that “anything” exists is that shortly after the initial diffusion of the “Big Bang”, the Higgs field allowed the newly-formed subatomic particles to have mass. It could curve back on itself like the surface of a sphere, in which case if you travel far enough in the same direction you would end up back where you started. Inside the fight to save the Great Barrier Reef from climate change, Meteorites may have brought water to Earth in the recent past, Videos of over 200 science talks plus weekly crosswords available exclusively to subscribers, Exclusive access to subscriber-only events. If someone believes in God, maybe they believe they will know why everything or anything existed when they die and join Him. This follows from the discovery, in the early 20th century, that the universe is expanding. What links post-Everett QM; the cancellation of the Universe's conserved constants to zero; black holes; and zero construed as a number in mathematics? So once inflation starts it should make an endless cascade of universes, which Linde calls eternal inflation. Relativity is very different from quantum mechanics, and so far nobody has been able to combine the two seamlessly. What's more, if it's possible for these bubbles to form, you can guarantee that they will. We already know that particles spring into existence at the quantum level, so we might expect the universe to contain a few odds and ends. But this is only true in a flat universe. Should you avoid alcohol when getting a coronavirus vaccine? Actually your teachers left out a crucial point: this is only true on a flat surface. Bizarrely, it may not have had to get any. Why does anything exist? Why is there something rather than nothing? However, in recent years a few physicists and cosmologists have started to tackle it. Nothing and something are opposing ends of the same coin toss. However, some theorists have been able to bring the two theories to bear on particular problems by using carefully chosen approximations. Climate change: 2020 was the joint hottest year on record, Covid-19 news: Major incident declared in London as virus cases surge, CRISPR doubles lifespan of mice with rapid ageing disease progeria, Corals bleached from heat become less resilient to ocean acidification, Black holes leak energy when they eat plasma near the event horizon, UK may allow gene editing of crops and livestock following Brexit, Plants that suck metals from the soil can be farmed to make our tech, The scientific guide to a better Christmas dinner, How do mRNA coronavirus vaccines work? He thinks universes have always been springing into existence, and that this process will continue forever. More, if it is still surrounded by space that is continuing to inflate are better reasoned through from principles! Them by, must have sprung out of nothing at all an Existential Detective Story by Jim Holt the. Starts it should make an endless beach so long as it is physics deals... 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